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Abbreviations and Their Meanings

Abbreviations

Abbreviation Meaning
1-Nal3-(1-Naphthyl)alanine
2-Br-Z 2-Bromobenzyloxycarbonyl
2-Cl-Trt 2-Chlorotrityl
2-Cl-Z 2-Chlorobenzyloxycarbonyl
2-Nal 3-(2-Naphthyl)alanine
2-OPhiPr2-Phenylisopropyl ester
2-Pal 3-(2-Pyridyl)alalnine
2-Thi3-(2-Thienyl)alanine
3-Pal3-(3-Pyridyl)alanine
3-Thi3-(3-Thienyl)alanine
4-Abz4-Aminobenzoic acid
4-Pal3-(4-Pyridyl)alanine
5-Ava5-Aminovaleric acid
5-FAM5-Carboxyfluorescein
5-FAM-SE5-Carboxyfluorescein hydroxysuccinimide ester
5-FITC5-Fluoresceinistothiocyanate
5-ROX5-Carboxy-X-rhodamine
5-TAMRA5-Carboxytetramethylrhodamine
5-TAMRA-SE5-Carboxytetramethylrhodamine hydroxysuccinimide ester
5(6)-FAMCarboxyfluorescein, mixture of 5- and 6- isomers
5(6)-FAM-SECarboxyfluorescein hydroxysuccinimide ester, mixture of 5- and 6- isomers
5(6)-FITCFluoresceinistothiocyanate, mixture of 5- and 6- isomers
5(6)-ROXCarboxy-X-rhodamine, mixture of 5- and 6-isomers
5(6)-TAMRACarboxytetramethylrhodamine, mixture of 5- and 6- isomers
6-FAM6-Caroxyfluorescein
6-FAM-SE6-Caroxyfluorescein hydroxysuccinimide ester
6-FITC6-Fluoresceinistothiocyanate
6-ROX6-Carboxy-X-rhodamine
6-TAMRA6-Carboxytetramethylrhodamine
6-TAMRA-SE6-Carboxytetramethylrhodamine hydroxysuccinimide ester
α-Abualpha-Aminobutyric acid
β-Alabeta-Alanine
β-HAla beta-Homoalanine
β-HArg beta-Homoarginine
β-HAsnbeta-Homoaspargine
β-HAspbeta-Homoaspartic acid
β-HGlnbeta-Homoglutamine
β-HGlubeta-Homoglutamic acid
β-HIle beta-Homoisoleucine
β-HLeubeta-Homoleucine
β-HLysbeta-Homolysine
β-HMetbeta-Homomethionine
β-HPhebeta-Homophenylalanine
β-HPro beta-Homoproline
β-HSerbeta-Homoserine
β-HThr beta-Homothreonine
β-HTrpbeta-Homotryptophan
β-HTyrbeta-Homotyrosine
β-HValbeta-Homovaline
γ-Abu gamma-Aminobutyric acid
ε-Ahx epsilon-Aminohexanoic acid
Ac Acetyl
Ac4c1-Aminocyclobutancarboxylic acid
Ac5c1-Aminocyclpentanecarboxylic acid
Ac6c1-Aminocyclhexanecarboxylic acid
Acm Acetamidomethyl
Acpc1-Aminocyclopropanecarboxylic acid
ACTHAdrenocorticotropic hormone
Aib 2-Aminoisobutyric acid
Ala Alanine
Ala(3-Cl) 3-Chloroalanine
Ala(3-I) 3-Iodoalanine
Ala(Styryl)Styrylalanine
All Allyl
Aloc Allyloxycarbonyl
AMC 7-Amino-4-methylcoumarin
ANPAtrial natriuretic peptide
ARFADP Ribosylation Factor
Arg Arginine
Asn Asparagine
Asp  Aspartic acid
Asu2-Aminosuberic acid
BAMBovine adrenal medulla
Bip2,2-Biphenylalanine
BNPBrain natriuretic peptide
Boc t-Butyloxycarbonyl
BOP Castro’s Reagent; Benzotriazol-1-yl-oxy-tris-(dimethylamino)-phosphoniumhexafluorophosphate
Bpa4-Benzoylphenylalanine
Bta 3-(3-benzothienyl)alanine
Bz Benzoyl
Bzl Benzyl
cAMP Cyclic adenine monophosphate
CEA Carcinoembryonic antigen
CDI1,1’-Carbonyl-diimidazole
CGRP Calcitonin-gene related peptide
CHACyclohexylamine
ChaCyclohexylalanine
ChgCyclohexylglycine
cHxCyclohexyl
CitCitrulline
Cl-HOBt6-Chloro-1-hydroxybenzotriazole
CMKChloromethyl ketone
CMV Cytomegalovirus
CNP C-type Natriuretic Peptide
CpaCyclopropylalanine
CpgCyclpentylglycine
CRF Corticotropin releasing factor
CRPC-reactive protein
CSP Competence-stimulating peptide
CTAP Connective tissue activating peptide
CysCysteine
(Cys)2Cystine
Dab2,4-Diaminobutyric acid
DABCYL4-(4-Dimethylaminophenylaza)benzoate
Dap2,3-Diaminopropionic acid
DCCDicyclohexylcarbodiimide
DCHADicyclohexylamine
DCMDichloromethane
Dde1-(4,4-Dimethyl-2,6-dioxocyclohex-1-ylidene)ethyl
DEADiethylamine
DEPBT3-(Diethoxy-phosphoryloxy)-3H-benzo[d][1,2,3]triazin-4-one
DHPDihydropyranyl
DICN,N’-Diisopropylcarbodiimide
Dip3,3-Diphenylalanine
DIPEADiisopropylethylamine
Dmab4-{N-[1-(4,4-dimethyl-2,6-dioxocyclohex-1-ylidene)-3-methylbutyl]amino}benzyl
DMAP4-(N,N-Dimethylaminopyridine)
Dmb2,4-Dimethoxybenzyl
DMFN,N-Dimethylformamide
Dnp2,4-Dinitrophenyl
Dpgα,α-Dipropylglycine
DpmDiphenylmethyl
DVB Divinylbenzene
EDEthylene diamine
EDANS5-[(2-Aminoethyl)amino]naphthalene-1-sulfonic acid
EDCN-(3-Dimethyl-aminopropyl)-N’-ethylcarbodiimide hydrochloride
EGF Epidermal growth factor
ELISAEnzyme-Linked ImmunoSorbent Assay
EMP Epithelial Membrane Protein
Ep-CAM Epithelial Cell Adhesion Molecule
EtEthyl
FGF Fibroblast Growth Factor
FITC Fluorescene Isothiocarbonate
Fm9-Fluorenylmethyl
Fmoc9-Fluorenylmethoxycarbonyl
FmocHmb2-(Fmoc-oxy)-4-methoxybenzyl
ForFormyl
FSH Folicle Stimulating Hormone
GHRF Growth Hormone Releasing Factor
GHRP Growth Hormone Releasing Peptide
GIP Gastric Inhibitory Polypeptide
GlcGlucosyl
GlnGlutamine
GLPGlucagon-like Peptide
GluGlutamic acid
GlyGlycine
GMAP Galanin message associated peptide
GM-CSF Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor
GPC3 Glypican 3
GRF Growth hormone releasing factor
GRP Gastrin-releasing peptide
HArgHomoarginine
HATU2-(7-Aza-1-H-benzotriazol-1-yl)-1,1,3,3-tetramethylaminium hexafluorophosphate
HBTU2-(1H-Benzotriazol-1-yl)-1,1,3,3-tetramethylaminium hexafluorophosphate
HBV Hepatitus B Virus
HCTU2-(6-Chloro-1-H-benzotriazol-1-yl)-1,1,3,3-tetramethyl-uronium hexafluorophosphate
HCVHepatitus C Virus
HCys2Homocystine
HGH Human Growth Hormone
HisHistidine
HIV Human Immunodeficiency Virus
HLeuHomoleucine
HOAt7-Azo-1-hydroxybenzotriazole
HOBt1-Hydroxybenzotriazole
HPheHomophenylalanine
HPLCHigh performance liquid chromatography
HPV Human papillomavirus
HSerHomoserine
HSV Herpes Simplex Virus
HTyrHomotyrosine
Hyptrans-4-Hydroxyproline
IAAIodoacetic acid
IAMIodoacetamide
IGF Insulin-like growth factor
IL Interleukin
IleIsoleucine
Inp Isonipecotic acid
IPA Isopropyl alcohol
iPr Isopropyl
IRS Insulin receptor substrate
ivDde 1-(4,4-Dimethyl-2,6-dioxocyclohex-1-ylidene)-3-methylbutyl
Lact Lactosyl
LC 6-Aminohexanoic acid linker
LEAP Liver-expressed antimicrobial peptide
Leu Leucine
LH Luteinizing-hormone
LH-RH Luteinizing-hormone-releasing hormone
Lys Lysine
Lys(Boc,Me) Nε-Boc-Nε-methyl-lysine
Lys(Me)2 Nε,Nε-Dimethyl-lysine
Lys(Me)3Cl Nε,Nε,Nε-Trimethyl-lysine chloride, 2-amino-6-trimethylammonium chloride-hexanoic acid
Lys(N3) 2-Amino-6-azidohexanoic acid, Azidolysine, Lysine(azide)
MAP Multiple Antigen Peptide
MARCKS Myristoylated alanine-rich C-kinase substrate
MART Melanoma antigen recognized by T-cells
MBHA 4-Methylbenzhydrylamine
MBP Myelin basic protein
Mca (7-Methoxycoumarine-4-yl)acetyl
MCH Melanin-Concentrating Hormone
Met Methionine
MMP Matrix Metalloproteinases
Mmt 4-Methoxytrityl
Mobp-Methoxybenzyl
Mpa 3-Mercaptopropionic acid
MSH Melanocyte Stimulatory Hormone
Mtr 4-Methoxy-2,3,6-trimethylbenzenesulfonyl
Mts Mesitylenesulfonyl
Mtt 4-Methyltrityl
m-Tyr meta-Tyrosine, 3-Tyrosine
Nal Naphthylalanine
NHS N-Hydroxysuccinimide
NC Neurokinin
NHEt Ethyl amide
NKA Neurokinin A
Nle Norleucine, α-Aminohexanoic acid
nm Nanometer
NMR Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
Nva Norvaline, α-Aminopentanoic acid
Nva(5-Phenyl)2-Amino-5-phenylpentanoic acid
O-2-PhiPr2-Phenylisopropyl ester
Oic Octahydroindole-2-carboxylic acid
OMeMethyl ester
ONp p-Nitrophenol ester
OPac Phenacyl ester
OPfp Pentafluorophenol ester
Orn Ornithine
OSu N-Hydroxysuccinimide ester
OtButert-Butyl ester
PACAPPituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide
PALPeptide amide linker
PAM 4-(Hydroxymethyl)phenylacetamidomethyl
PamPalmitoyl
PAR Protease-Activated Receptor
Pbf2,2,4,6,7-Pentamethyldihydro-benzofuran-5-sulfonyl
PEG Poly(ethyleneglycol)
Pen Penicillamine
Phe Phenylalanine
Phe(2-Br) 2-Bromophenylalanine
Phe(2-CF3)2-Trifluoromethylphenylalanine
Phe(2-Cl) 2-Chlorophenylalanine
Phe(2-CN)2-Cyanophenylalanine
Phe(2,4-diCl)2,4-Dichlorophenylalanine
Phe(2-F)2-Fluorophenylalanine
Phe(2-Me)2-Methylphenylalanine
Phe(3-Br)3-Bromophenylalanine
Phe(3-CF3)3-Trifluorophenylalanine
Phe(3-Cl) 3-Chlorophenylalanine
Phe(3-CN) 3-Cyanophenylalanine
Phe(3,4-diCl) 3,4-Dichlorophenylalanine
Phe(3,4-diF)3,4-Difluorophenylalanine
Phe(3,5-diF)3,5-Difluorophenylalanine
Phe(3-Me)3-Methylphenylalanine
Phe(4-Br) 4-Bromophenylalanine
Phe(4-CF3)4-Trifluoromethylphenylalanine
Phe(4-Cl) 4-Chlorophenylalanine
Phe(4-CN) 4-Cyanophenylalanine
Phe(4-F) 4-Fluorophenylalanine
Phe(4-I) 4-Iodophenylalanine
Phe(4-Me) 4-Methylphenylalanine
Phe(4-NH2) 4-Aminophenylalanine
Phe(4-NO2) 4-Nitrophenylalanine
Phg Phenylglycine
Phg(4-OH) 4-Hydroxyphenylglycine
Phth Phthaloyl
PKC Protein Kinase C
PLM Phospholemman
Pmc 2,2,5,7,8-Pentamethylchroman-6-sulfonyl
pMeBzl para-Methylbenzyl
pMeOBzl para-Methoxybenzyl
pNA p-Nitroaniline amide
PPY Pancreatic polypeptide
PraPropargylglycine
PRRS Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome
Pro Proline
pSer Phosphoserine
pTH Parathyroid Hormone
pThr Phosphothreonine
pTyr Phosphotyrosine
PyBOP Benzotriazole-1-yloxy-tris-pyrrolidino-phosphonium hexafluorophosphate
PyBroP Bromo-tris-pyrrolidinophosphonium hexafluorophosphate
Pyr Pyroglutamic acid
PYY Peptide YY
RFamide Arg-Phe-NH2
RFRP RFamide-Related Peptide
RIA Radioimmunoassay
RSK Ribosomal S-6 Kinase
RSV Respiratory syncytial virus
Sar Sarcosine, N-Methylglycine
Ser Serine
Ser(psi[Me,Me]pro) (S)-2,2-Dimethyl-oxazolidine-4-carboxylic acid, serine pseudoproline
SIV Simian Immunodeficiency Virus
Sta Statine
Suc Succinyl
SURE Surface-active resin
TACE Tumor necrosis factor-alpha-converting  enzyme
TAP Peptide transporter-associated protein
TATU 2-(7-Aza-1-H-benzotriazol-1-yl)-1,1,3,3-tetramethyluronium tetrafluoroborate
TBDMS tert-Butyldimethylsilyl
TBTU 2-(1-H-Benzotriazole-yl)-1,1,3,3-tetramethyluronium tetrafluoroborate
tBu tert-Butyl
TDBTU N,N,N’,N’-Tetramethyl-O-(3,4-dihydro-4-oxo-1,2,3-benzotriazin-3-yl)uranium tetrafluoroborate
TFA Trifluoroacetic acid
tfa Trifluoroacetyl
Thr Threonine
Thr(psi[Me,Me]pro) (S,S)-2,2,5-Trimethyl-oxazolidine-4-carboxylic acid, threonine pseudoproline
Thz Thiazoline-4-carboxylic acid
Tic 1,2,3,4-Tetrahydroisoquinoline-3-carboxylic acid
Tle tert-Leucine, α-tert-Butylglycine
TNF Tumor Necrosis Factor
Tos para-Toluenesulfonate, para-Tosylate
TosOH para-Toluenesulfonic acid
Tpi1,2,3,4-Tetrahydronorharman-3-carboxylic acid
Tqa2-Tetrahydroisoquinoline acetic acid
TRAP Thrombin receptor activator peptide
TRH Thyrotropin-releasing hormone
Trp Tryptophan
Trt Trityl
TSTU O-(N-Succinimidyl)-1,1,3,3-tetramethyluronium tetrafluoroborate
Tyr Tyrosine
Tyr(3-Cl) 3-Chlorotyrosine
Tyr(3-I)3-Iodotyrosine
Tyr(3-NO2) 3-Nitrotyrosine
UV Ultraviolet
Val Valine
VIP Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide
Benzyloxycarbonyl
(Z-Cys-OH)2 N-N’-Bis-benzyloxycarbonylcystine