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Abbreviations and Their Meanings

Abbreviations

Abbreviation Meaning
1-Nal3-(1-Naphthyl)alanine
2-Br-Z2-Bromobenzyloxycarbonyl
2-Cl-Trt2-Chlorotrityl
2-Cl-Z2-Chlorobenzyloxycarbonyl
2-Nal3-(2-Naphthyl)alanine
2-OPhiPr2-Phenylisopropyl ester
2-Pal3-(2-Pyridyl)alalnine
2-Thi3-(2-Thienyl)alanine
3-Pal3-(3-Pyridyl)alanine
3-Thi3-(3-Thienyl)alanine
4-Abz4-Aminobenzoic acid
4-Pal3-(4-Pyridyl)alanine
5-Ava5-Aminovaleric acid
5-FAM5-Carboxyfluorescein
5-FAM-SE5-Carboxyfluorescein hydroxysuccinimide ester
5-FITC5-Fluoresceinistothiocyanate
5-ROX5-Carboxy-X-rhodamine
5-TAMRA5-Carboxytetramethylrhodamine
5-TAMRA-SE5-Carboxytetramethylrhodamine hydroxysuccinimide ester
5(6)-FAMCarboxyfluorescein, mixture of 5- and 6- isomers
5(6)-FAM-SECarboxyfluorescein hydroxysuccinimide ester, mixture of 5- and 6- isomers
5(6)-FITCFluoresceinistothiocyanate, mixture of 5- and 6- isomers
5(6)-ROXCarboxy-X-rhodamine, mixture of 5- and 6-isomers
5(6)-TAMRACarboxytetramethylrhodamine, mixture of 5- and 6- isomers
6-FAM6-Caroxyfluorescein
6-FAM-SE6-Caroxyfluorescein hydroxysuccinimide ester
6-FITC6-Fluoresceinistothiocyanate
6-ROX6-Carboxy-X-rhodamine
6-TAMRA6-Carboxytetramethylrhodamine
6-TAMRA-SE6-Carboxytetramethylrhodamine hydroxysuccinimide ester
α-Abualpha-Aminobutyric acid
β-Alabeta-Alanine
β-HAlabeta-Homoalanine
β-HArgbeta-Homoarginine
β-HAsnbeta-Homoaspargine
β-HAspbeta-Homoaspartic acid
β-HGlnbeta-Homoglutamine
β-HGlubeta-Homoglutamic acid
β-HIlebeta-Homoisoleucine
β-HLeubeta-Homoleucine
β-HLysbeta-Homolysine
β-HMetbeta-Homomethionine
β-HPhebeta-Homophenylalanine
β-HProbeta-Homoproline
β-HSerbeta-Homoserine
β-HThrbeta-Homothreonine
β-HTrpbeta-Homotryptophan
β-HTyrbeta-Homotyrosine
β-HValbeta-Homovaline
γ-Abugamma-Aminobutyric acid
ε-Ahxepsilon-Aminohexanoic acid
AcAcetyl
Ac4c1-Aminocyclobutancarboxylic acid
Ac5c1-Aminocyclpentanecarboxylic acid
Ac6c1-Aminocyclhexanecarboxylic acid
AcmAcetamidomethyl
Acpc1-Aminocyclopropanecarboxylic acid
ACTHAdrenocorticotropic hormone
Aib2-Aminoisobutyric acid
AlaAlanine
Ala(3-Cl)3-Chloroalanine
Ala(3-I)3-Iodoalanine
Ala(Styryl)Styrylalanine
AllAllyl
AlocAllyloxycarbonyl
AMC7-Amino-4-methylcoumarin
ANPAtrial natriuretic peptide
ARFADP Ribosylation Factor
ArgArginine
AsnAsparagine
AspAspartic acid
Asu2-Aminosuberic acid
BAMBovine adrenal medulla
Bip2,2-Biphenylalanine
BNPBrain natriuretic peptide
Boct-Butyloxycarbonyl
BOPCastro’s Reagent; Benzotriazol-1-yl-oxy-tris-(dimethylamino)-phosphoniumhexafluorophosphate
Bpa4-Benzoylphenylalanine
Bta3-(3-benzothienyl)alanine
BzBenzoyl
BzlBenzyl
cAMPCyclic adenine monophosphate
CEACarcinoembryonic antigen
CDI1,1’-Carbonyl-diimidazole
CGRPCalcitonin-gene related peptide
CHACyclohexylamine
ChaCyclohexylalanine
ChgCyclohexylglycine
cHxCyclohexyl
CitCitrulline
Cl-HOBt6-Chloro-1-hydroxybenzotriazole
CMKChloromethyl ketone
CMVCytomegalovirus
CNPC-type Natriuretic Peptide
CpaCyclopropylalanine
CpgCyclpentylglycine
CRFCorticotropin releasing factor
CRPC-reactive protein
CSPCompetence-stimulating peptide
CTAPConnective tissue activating peptide
CysCysteine
(Cys)2Cystine
Dab2,4-Diaminobutyric acid
DABCYL4-(4-Dimethylaminophenylaza)benzoate
Dap2,3-Diaminopropionic acid
DCCDicyclohexylcarbodiimide
DCHADicyclohexylamine
DCMDichloromethane
Dde1-(4,4-Dimethyl-2,6-dioxocyclohex-1-ylidene)ethyl
DEADiethylamine
DEPBT3-(Diethoxy-phosphoryloxy)-3H-benzo[d][1,2,3]triazin-4-one
DHPDihydropyranyl
DICN,N’-Diisopropylcarbodiimide
Dip3,3-Diphenylalanine
DIPEADiisopropylethylamine
Dmab4-{N-[1-(4,4-dimethyl-2,6-dioxocyclohex-1-ylidene)-3-methylbutyl]amino}benzyl
DMAP4-(N,N-Dimethylaminopyridine)
Dmb2,4-Dimethoxybenzyl
DMFN,N-Dimethylformamide
Dnp2,4-Dinitrophenyl
Dpgα,α-Dipropylglycine
DpmDiphenylmethyl
DVB Divinylbenzene
EDEthylene diamine
EDANS5-[(2-Aminoethyl)amino]naphthalene-1-sulfonic acid
EDCN-(3-Dimethyl-aminopropyl)-N’-ethylcarbodiimide hydrochloride
EGFEpidermal growth factor
ELISAEnzyme-Linked ImmunoSorbent Assay
EMPEpithelial Membrane Protein
Ep-CAMEpithelial Cell Adhesion Molecule
EtEthyl
FGFFibroblast Growth Factor
FITCFluorescene Isothiocarbonate
Fm9-Fluorenylmethyl
Fmoc9-Fluorenylmethoxycarbonyl
FmocHmb2-(Fmoc-oxy)-4-methoxybenzyl
ForFormyl
FSHFolicle Stimulating Hormone
GHRFGrowth Hormone Releasing Factor
GHRPGrowth Hormone Releasing Peptide
GIPGastric Inhibitory Polypeptide
GlcGlucosyl
GlnGlutamine
GLPGlucagon-like Peptide
GluGlutamic acid
GlyGlycine
GMAPGalanin message associated peptide
GM-CSFGranulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor
GPC3Glypican 3
GRFGrowth hormone releasing factor
GRPGastrin-releasing peptide
HArgHomoarginine
HATU2-(7-Aza-1-H-benzotriazol-1-yl)-1,1,3,3-tetramethylaminium hexafluorophosphate
HBTU2-(1H-Benzotriazol-1-yl)-1,1,3,3-tetramethylaminium hexafluorophosphate
HBVHepatitus B Virus
HCTU2-(6-Chloro-1-H-benzotriazol-1-yl)-1,1,3,3-tetramethyl-uronium hexafluorophosphate
HCVHepatitus C Virus
HCys2Homocystine
HGHHuman Growth Hormone
HisHistidine
HIVHuman Immunodeficiency Virus
HLeuHomoleucine
HOAt7-Azo-1-hydroxybenzotriazole
HOBt1-Hydroxybenzotriazole
HPheHomophenylalanine
HPLCHigh performance liquid chromatography
HPVHuman papillomavirus
HSerHomoserine
HSVHerpes Simplex Virus
HTyrHomotyrosine
Hyptrans-4-Hydroxyproline
IAAIodoacetic acid
IAMIodoacetamide
IGFInsulin-like growth factor
ILInterleukin
IleIsoleucine
InpIsonipecotic acid
IPAIsopropyl alcohol
iPrIsopropyl
IRSInsulin receptor substrate
ivDde1-(4,4-Dimethyl-2,6-dioxocyclohex-1-ylidene)-3-methylbutyl
LactLactosyl
LC6-Aminohexanoic acid linker
LEAPLiver-expressed antimicrobial peptide
LeuLeucine
LHLuteinizing-hormone
LH-RHLuteinizing-hormone-releasing hormone
LysLysine
Lys(Boc,Me)Nε-Boc-Nε-methyl-lysine
Lys(Me)2Nε,Nε-Dimethyl-lysine
Lys(Me)3ClNε,Nε,Nε-Trimethyl-lysine chloride, 2-amino-6-trimethylammonium chloride-hexanoic acid
Lys(N3)2-Amino-6-azidohexanoic acid, Azidolysine, Lysine(azide)
MAPMultiple Antigen Peptide
MARCKSMyristoylated alanine-rich C-kinase substrate
MARTMelanoma antigen recognized by T-cells
MBHA4-Methylbenzhydrylamine
MBPMyelin basic protein
Mca(7-Methoxycoumarine-4-yl)acetyl
MCHMelanin-Concentrating Hormone
MetMethionine
MMPMatrix Metalloproteinases
Mmt4-Methoxytrityl
Mobp-Methoxybenzyl
Mpa3-Mercaptopropionic acid
MSHMelanocyte Stimulatory Hormone
Mtr4-Methoxy-2,3,6-trimethylbenzenesulfonyl
MtsMesitylenesulfonyl
Mtt4-Methyltrityl
m-Tyrmeta-Tyrosine, 3-Tyrosine
NalNaphthylalanine
NHSN-Hydroxysuccinimide
NCNeurokinin
NHEtEthyl amide
NKANeurokinin A
NleNorleucine, α-Aminohexanoic acid
nmNanometer
NMRNuclear Magnetic Resonance
NvaNorvaline, α-Aminopentanoic acid
Nva(5-Phenyl)2-Amino-5-phenylpentanoic acid
O-2-PhiPr2-Phenylisopropyl ester
OicOctahydroindole-2-carboxylic acid
OMeMethyl ester
ONpp-Nitrophenol ester
OPacPhenacyl ester
OPfpPentafluorophenol ester
OrnOrnithine
OSuN-Hydroxysuccinimide ester
OtButert-Butyl ester
PACAPPituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide
PALPeptide amide linker
PAM4-(Hydroxymethyl)phenylacetamidomethyl
PamPalmitoyl
PARProtease-Activated Receptor
Pbf2,2,4,6,7-Pentamethyldihydro-benzofuran-5-sulfonyl
PEGPoly(ethyleneglycol)
PenPenicillamine
PhePhenylalanine
Phe(2-Br)2-Bromophenylalanine
Phe(2-CF3)2-Trifluoromethylphenylalanine
Phe(2-Cl)2-Chlorophenylalanine
Phe(2-CN)2-Cyanophenylalanine
Phe(2,4-diCl)2,4-Dichlorophenylalanine
Phe(2-F)2-Fluorophenylalanine
Phe(2-Me)2-Methylphenylalanine
Phe(3-Br)3-Bromophenylalanine
Phe(3-CF3)3-Trifluorophenylalanine
Phe(3-Cl)3-Chlorophenylalanine
Phe(3-CN)3-Cyanophenylalanine
Phe(3,4-diCl)3,4-Dichlorophenylalanine
Phe(3,4-diF)3,4-Difluorophenylalanine
Phe(3,5-diF)3,5-Difluorophenylalanine
Phe(3-Me)3-Methylphenylalanine
Phe(4-Br)4-Bromophenylalanine
Phe(4-CF3)4-Trifluoromethylphenylalanine
Phe(4-Cl)4-Chlorophenylalanine
Phe(4-CN)4-Cyanophenylalanine
Phe(4-F)4-Fluorophenylalanine
Phe(4-I)4-Iodophenylalanine
Phe(4-Me)4-Methylphenylalanine
Phe(4-NH2)4-Aminophenylalanine
Phe(4-NO2)4-Nitrophenylalanine
PhgPhenylglycine
Phg(4-OH)4-Hydroxyphenylglycine
PhthPhthaloyl
PKCProtein Kinase C
PLMPhospholemman
Pmc2,2,5,7,8-Pentamethylchroman-6-sulfonyl
pMeBzlpara-Methylbenzyl
pMeOBzlpara-Methoxybenzyl
pNAp-Nitroaniline amide
PPYPancreatic polypeptide
PraPropargylglycine
PRRSPorcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome
ProProline
pSerPhosphoserine
pTHParathyroid Hormone
pThrPhosphothreonine
pTyrPhosphotyrosine
PyBOPBenzotriazole-1-yloxy-tris-pyrrolidino-phosphonium hexafluorophosphate
PyBroPBromo-tris-pyrrolidinophosphonium hexafluorophosphate
PyrPyroglutamic acid
PYYPeptide YY
RFamideArg-Phe-NH2
RFRPRFamide-Related Peptide
RIARadioimmunoassay
RSKRibosomal S-6 Kinase
RSVRespiratory syncytial virus
SarSarcosine, N-Methylglycine
SerSerine
Ser(psi[Me,Me]pro)(S)-2,2-Dimethyl-oxazolidine-4-carboxylic acid, serine pseudoproline
SIVSimian Immunodeficiency Virus
StaStatine
SucSuccinyl
SURESurface-active resin
TACETumor necrosis factor-alpha-converting  enzyme
TAPPeptide transporter-associated protein
TATU2-(7-Aza-1-H-benzotriazol-1-yl)-1,1,3,3-tetramethyluronium tetrafluoroborate
TBDMStert-Butyldimethylsilyl
TBTU2-(1-H-Benzotriazole-yl)-1,1,3,3-tetramethyluronium tetrafluoroborate
tButert-Butyl
TDBTUN,N,N’,N’-Tetramethyl-O-(3,4-dihydro-4-oxo-1,2,3-benzotriazin-3-yl)uranium tetrafluoroborate
TFATrifluoroacetic acid
tfaTrifluoroacetyl
ThrThreonine
Thr(psi[Me,Me]pro)(S,S)-2,2,5-Trimethyl-oxazolidine-4-carboxylic acid, threonine pseudoproline
ThzThiazoline-4-carboxylic acid
Tic1,2,3,4-Tetrahydroisoquinoline-3-carboxylic acid
Tletert-Leucine, α-tert-Butylglycine
TNFTumor Necrosis Factor
Tospara-Toluenesulfonate, para-Tosylate
TosOHpara-Toluenesulfonic acid
Tpi1,2,3,4-Tetrahydronorharman-3-carboxylic acid
Tqa2-Tetrahydroisoquinoline acetic acid
TRAPThrombin receptor activator peptide
TRHThyrotropin-releasing hormone
TrpTryptophan
TrtTrityl
TSTUO-(N-Succinimidyl)-1,1,3,3-tetramethyluronium tetrafluoroborate
TyrTyrosine
Tyr(3-Cl)3-Chlorotyrosine
Tyr(3-I)3-Iodotyrosine
Tyr(3-NO2)3-Nitrotyrosine
UVUltraviolet
ValValine
VIPVasoactive Intestinal Peptide
ZBenzyloxycarbonyl
(Z-Cys-OH)2N-N’-Bis-benzyloxycarbonylcystine