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Home » In situ Fmoc removal – a sustainable solid-phase peptide synthesis approach

Promote green chemistry by saving up to 75% of solvent usage in solid-phase peptide synthesis (SPPS).

An article in the Royal Society of Chemistry written by Ashish Kumar, ‡a,b,c Anamika Sharma, ‡a,b,d Beatriz G. de la Torre *a and Fernando Albericio *a,e,f advocates modifications to a protocol as part of a green toolbox for SPPS and to promote sustainability.


Solid-phase peptide synthesis (SPPS) is the strategy of choice for the synthesis of peptides for research and production purposes. From a green chemistry perspective, SPPS has several positive features. However, it is hampered by high solvent consumption for washings after each of the two main steps, namely deprotection and coupling. Here we propose to combine the two steps into one. In this regard, once the coupling is completed, piperidine or 4-methylpiperidine is added up to a concentration of 20% to the coupling cocktail, which contains an excess of Fmoc-aa-OxymaPure (active ester) and Fmoc- peptide resin. We further demonstrate that the deactivation of the OxymaPure ester is faster than Fmoc removal and therefore this in situ Fmoc removal strategy avoids the double incorporation of the amino acid into the peptide chain. Furthermore, we also show that this single wash is more efficient at removing traces of piperidine when 1% of OxymaPure, which is a weak acid, is added to the washing solvent. This strategy brings about a saving of 75% of the solvent. We envisage that the modifications to this new proto- col will be added to the green toolbox for SPPS and will make this strategy more sustainable.

Read the paper In situ Fmoc removal – a sustainable solid-phase peptide synthesis approach.